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Provinces around Bangkok

Map of central Thailand a = Bangkok
b = Samut Prakan
c = Samut Sakhon
d = Samut Songkhram
e = Nakhon Pathom
f = Nonthaburi
g = Pathum Thani
h = Nakhon Nakyok
i = Ayutthaya
j = Ang Thong
k = Singburi


Angthong
Ang thong is a small province in the upper Chaopraya river basin. The town is located 105 km north of Bangkok. Angthong is administratively divided into 7 districts. Almost all of the province area is low plain with little forests and hills. There are two important rivers: the Chao Phraya river and the Noi river.

There are air and non air-conditioned buses linking Ang thong and northern bus Terminal in Bangkok. Interesting places are Wat Chai Yo Woramaha Wihan, Bang Sadet village, Wat Pha Mok Worawihan.

Ayutthaya
Wat Yai Phranakhon Si Ayutthaya (also called Ayutthaya) had been a Thai capital for 417 years. Many ancient ruins and art works are seen in a city that was founded in 1350 by King U-Thong. During the period that Ayutthaya was the Thai capital,33 kings of 5 dynasties ruled the kingdom until it was destroyed by Myanmar soldiers in 1767.

Ayutthaya is located 76 km north of Bangkok and boasts magnificent ruins. Both air and non air-conditioned buses leave Bangkok for Ayutthaya daily and there are trains going directly to Aayutthaya every 50 min from Hualampong Railway Station in Bangkok. Another way to go to Ayutthaya is by boat on Chao Phara river. The ancient city of Ayuthaya is located on an island in the Chao Phraya River, about 80kms north of Bangkok. Ayuthaya's scattered temples and ruins have been declared as a World Heritage Site.

Places to visit are Grand Palaec or also called Ancient Palace, Bang Pa-in summer palace, Phra Thinang Aisawan Thiphya-art, Wihan Phra Mongkhon Bophit, Ayutthaya Historical Study, Royal Folk Arts and Crafts Centre At Bang Sai, Wat Phananchoeng.

Chachoengsao
Chachoengsao is located to the south of Phrachinburi and Nakhonnayok, to the north of Chonburi and Chantaburi, to the east of Samut Phakan and Bangkok, and to the west of Sakaew. The provincial capital is 82 km from Bangkok. It is divided into 10 districts and a sub district. General area of Chachoengsao is low flat and low plain river. The area close to the sea is mangrove forest. The eastern area in Amphoe Sanamchaiket has high and steep spots and hills as high as more than 300 meters.

Chachoengsao is connected by daily road and rail services with Bangkok. Air and non air-conditioned coaches frequently leave Bangkok's northern bus Terminal and Ekamai station (eastern bus terminal) throughout the day for an hour journey while train leave the Hualampong (central) railway station many times daily for Chachoengsao.

Interesting places are Wat Sothon Wararam Woravihan, Wat Pho Bang Cla Fruit Bat, Khao Hin Son development study center, Hin Son hill. Currently the new Bangkok international airport is being built.

Chonburi
Chonburi, located 81 km south-east of Bangkok, is divided into 9 districts. It is bordering with Chachoengsao to the north, Chanthaburi to the east, Rayong to the south, and Pattaya bay to the west. General area of Chonburi is low land, seas beaches, and islands. There are buses leaving Bangkok several times daily from Ekamai (eastern bus terminal) and Mochit 2 (northern bus terminal), and there is one daily train service between Bangkok and Pattaya.

Tour Highlights are Pattaya beach, Theme and amusement parks, Wat Yai Indraram, the Institute of Marine Science, Nong Mon local market, Khao Khieo open zoo, mini siam park, Chantathen waterfall, Ang Sila beach, Khao Sam Muk, Bang Saen Beach, Chomtien Beach, The Million Years stone park, Chang island, etc.

Kanchanaburi
Kanchanaburi is a large province located 129 km to the north-west of Bangkok. It is bordering Myanmar (Burma) in the west and north, Ratchaburi and Nakhon Phratom to the south, and Suphanburi to the east. It consists of 13 districts. Kanchanaburi is one of the most beautiful provinces of Thailand with a mountainous landscape. The province is connected to Bangkok by railway and 4-lane highway no. 323. There are serveral hilltribes such as Thais, Mons and Karens living in the villages.

Tour Highlights are Bridge over the river Kwai, War cemetry, Sai Yok waterfall, Thung Yai Naresuan wildlife reserve, Sai york national park, Erawan national park, and the westernmost district of Sangklaburi town (at Myanmar border) and its "Mon" culture. Tourists can enter Myanmar for a day return trip by paying a border pass fee.

Nakhonphathom
Nakhonpathom is located in an alluvial plain in the central region, about 58 km by road from Bangkok. It is divided into 7 districts. Generally, it is an area of alluvial plain which is drained by the Tha Chin River. One can go there by train and bus.

Interesting places are Phra Pathom Chedi and Dhammacakra (Symbol of the completeness of the Dhamma), Thai Waxy Model Museum, Buddhamonthon.

Nakhonnayok
Nakhon Nayok is 106 km north of Bangkok by the highway following Khlong (canal) Rangsit. Nakhon Nayok province consists 4 districts. Much of it is forested hillsides -- some form parts of national parks laced with waterfalls, and others are lavishly landscaped botanical gardens. There are many buses to Nakhonnayok.

Tour Highlights are Ban Donglakhon ancient city, Wong Trakrai, Sarika waterfall, Nang Rong waterfall.

Nonthaburi
Nonthaburi, only 20 km far from Bangkok, consists 6 districts. It is accessible by roads. Tour highlights are Wat Chaloem Phra Kiat, Joe Louis Theatre, Ko kret island of pottery, etc.

Phetchaburi
Khao Luang cave Petchburi province is located to the south of Ratchaburi, to the north of Prachuap Khirikhan, to the east of Myanmar's Thaninthayi province, and to the west of Gulf of Thailand. Phetburi town is 123 km to the south-west of Bangkok. It is administratively divided into 8 districts. The western part is forested moutains. The eastern part is the combination of plain-land, limestone-hills, caves and sea beaches. From Bangkok, one can take the bus (about 2 hours), or train travelling to Phetchaburi.

Tour Highlights are Phra Ratchanives Phranakhon Khiri, Kaeng Krachan national park, Cha-am beach.

Prachinburi
Prachinburi town is 135 km from Bangkok. Phrachinburi is divided into 7 districts. One can take bus or train to Prachinburi. Tour Highlights are Wat Thon Po Simahapho, Wat Kaew Phichit, Khao E-To waterfall and Chakkrapong dam. There are some eco tourism lodges and resorts there, offering white water rafting in the rainy season (June till Dec), camping and trekking, etc.

Prathumthani
Pathumthani is a neighbouring province of Bangkok. Pathumthani Town is only 46 km from Bangkok. It is administratively divided into 7 districts. The north stretches to Saraburi, the south stretches to Bangkok and Nonthaburi, the east stretches to Nakhonnayok and Chachoengsao, and the west stretches to Ayutthaya. It is in the Chao Phraya river basin with plenty of canals and orange plantations. It was the settlement for the Mon people migrating from Mothama (in Myanmar) over 350 years ago. It is accessible by various buses and trains.

Tour Highlights are National institute of memory, Shell Pagoda Temple or Wat Chedi Hoi, City Central Shrine.

Ratchaburi
This province, located 100 km from Bangkok, is divided into 9 districts. The north stretches to Kanchanaburi, the south stretches to Phetburi, the east stretches to Samutsakhon-Samutsongkhram-Nakhonphathom, and the west stretches to Myanmar. Ratchaburi has a varied topography: from the fertile level ground around the basin of the Mae Klong River where the economy relies on all kinds of crop, vegetable and plant cultivation, to the high mountain ranges of the Tanawsri in the west, along the Thai-Myanmar border. One can go there by bus and train.

Tour highlights are Damnoen Saduak floating market, Khao Bin cave, Hot Water stream.

Rayong
Rayong is located on the east coast of Thailand on the northern shoreline of the Gulf of Thailand, about 179 km from Bangkok. It is divided into 6 administrative districts and 2 sub-districts. In general the geography of Rayong is marked by a series of mountains interspersed by flat plains and large tracts of land under forest, rubber and fruit plantation. The climate is tropical, generally warm and humid with abundant rainfall. The best months to travel are November through February. One can go by bus to Rayong.

Tour Highlights are King Taksin Shrine, Sunthonphu Monument, Laem Charoen and Sang Chan beaches, Khao Lamya-Mu Ko Samet national park, Khao Chamuang-Khao Wong national park.

Samutprakan
Samutprakarn province widely know as "Muang Pak Nam" is located at the mouth of the Chao Phraya river, north to the Gulf of Thailand and 25 km from Bangkok. The whole area covers 1,004 square kilometers of alluvial plain, crisscrossed by canals, causing some areas flooded. Most of the area is covered with paddy fields and orchards, with groves of Samae (a small tree of the family Myrsinaceae), prong (a plant of the genus Cycas), the mangrove and nipa palms. Well known goods from this province are “Khanom Chak” or sweetened sticky rice wrapped by nipa palm leaves and dried gourami. The administration of Samutprakarn Province is divided into 5 districts.

Samutsakhon
Samut Sakhon was formerly called "Tha Chin" probably because, in the old days, it had been a trading port dealing with a vast number of Chinese junks. In 1548, a town named "Sakhon Buri" was established at the mouth of the Tha Chin River.

It was a center for recruiting troops from various seaside towns. The name of the town was changed into "Mahachai" when Khlong (canal) Mahachai was dug in 1704 to join the Tha Chin river and the town. Later, the town was renamed "Samut Sakhon" by King Rama IV but it is still popularly called "Mahachai" by the villagers. Samut Sakhon occupies a total area of 872 square kilometres and is administratively divided into 3 districts: Muang Samut Sakhon, Krathum Baen, and Ban Phaeo. It is a major fishing port and also the biggest producer of brine salt.

Samutsongkhram
Samut Songkhram, a coastal province at the mouth of the Mae Klong river, is 63 km south-west of Bangkok along Highway No. 35. It occupies an area of 416 square kilometers and is administratively divided into 3 districts (Amphoes): Muang Samut Songkhram (locally called Mae Klong), Amphawa, and Bang Khonthi. The area is a low land with many canals. The people cultivate various kinds of fruits such as grapes, lychee, pomelo, guava and coconuts.

Saraburi
Saraburi, a province in the upper central region of Thailand is rich in tourist attraction including natural sites, artifacts, festivals,temples as well as historical sites.It is located 108 km north of Bangkok and 65 km from Ayutthaya.

Topographically the southern and western parts of Saraburi are plateaus 2 meters above sea level. Ranging from plains to plateaus of 8 to10 meters high above sea level broken by mounds and hills, the land gradually rises to the north and the northeast. Saraburi is on the very important river: the Pasak River which flows through Amphoe Muak - lek, Kaengkhoi, Muang Saraburi and Saohai and meets the Chao Phraya river in Ayutthaya.

Saraburi extends over an area of 3,576.48 square kilometres and is administratively divided into 11 districts.

Singburi
Sing Buri is an interesting town situated 142 km north of Bangkok, and was probably founded in pre-historical period. In the reign of King Rama V, three small towns: Sing Buri, In Buri and Phrom Buri, were combined and established as a new town on the west of the Chao Phraya river and named as Sing buri. Sing Buri occupies an area of 841.40 square kilometers and is administratively divided into 6 districts: Muang Sing Buri, In Buri, Bang Rachan, Khai Bang Rachan, Phrom Buri and Tha Chang.

Suphanburi
Suphanburi was formerly called Phanthum Buri. It was constructed during the year 877-882 A.D. on the left bank of Tha Chin river in the vicinity of Tambon RuaYai adjacent to Tambon Phihan Daeng.

When the Phanthum era was over, King Katae (half Thai half Mon) was crowned and after ascending to the throne he commanded the town to be moved to the right bank of Tha Chin river, to construct Wat Sanam Chai and to restore Wat Pa Lelai. He then persuaded 2,000 officials to enter the monkhood.

The name of the town was then changed to Song Phan Buri (city of two thousands). Later on, King U Thong moved the location to the southern bank (west of Tha Chin river). The city was given a new name as U Thong until the reign of King Khun Luang Pha Ngua when the name was changed to Suphanburi.

Suphanburi had been an important border town involving battles and wars. These caused regular damage through all ages in the past until the Ratanakosin era during the reign of King Rama VI. Then the Suphanburi communities were consolidated and settled down on the east bank of the Tha River (Suphan River) as it is now.

Suphanburi, located some 169 kilometers from Bangkok, occupies an area of 5,358 square kilometers and is adminstratively divided into 10 districts.